A brief account of how and why Descartes uses the concept of a divine guarantor of external reality to underpin his philosophy

The text below was originally written for Quora.com but in writing it I decided it has a place here as well. Descartes is often described as a rationalist philosopher. This is because he explains that empirical data, data of the senses, is inherently doubtful. What you take to be a sensation of the external world … More A brief account of how and why Descartes uses the concept of a divine guarantor of external reality to underpin his philosophy

Inside – Out versus Outside – In

The language of everyday discourse is permeated by dualism. The personal and private sense of one’s own mind sits side by side with an unquestioned assumption of materialism. Accordingly, but not expressed this way, dualism is adopted as ‘common sense’. The influence of intentions, consciousness and the mind on a material world is assumed to … More Inside – Out versus Outside – In

The Second Cartesian Coordinate: …………. Is there a point to solipsism?

Hoc pronuntiatum: Ego sum, ego existo, quoties a me profertur, vel mente concipitur, necessario esse verum. Cette proposition: “Je suis, j’existe”, est nécessairement vraie, toutes les fois que je la prononce, ou que je la conçois en mon esprit. The proposition: “I am, I exist”, is necessarily true each time it is expressed by me, … More The Second Cartesian Coordinate: …………. Is there a point to solipsism?

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The idea is to post material that relates to Philosophy, Chemistry and other Sciences (particularly in relation to the European Schools), Liberal Politics, and also some classical music and theatre. Bear with me as I learn how to use this format.